North American Bird Photos and Facts

Smaller Woodland Birds - Page 3

Gray JayGray Jay

Size - 10 to 13 inches long.
Habitat - Coniferous forests to tree line.
Nesting - The nest is a cup of twigs, bark, plant fibers, and moss.
Eggs - 2 to 5, pale gray, pale green, or white spotted with brown and gray. Incubation 16 to 18 days, by female. Young leave the nest about 15 days after hatching.
Food - Insects, fruit, mice, and birds' eggs.

Blue JayBlue Jay

Size - 11-12 1/2 inches long
Habitat - Deciduous and coniferous forests and parks.
Nesting - The nest is a bulky cup of moss, twigs, and leaves, about 5-50 feet above the ground in a tree crotch or on a branch.
Eggs - 3 to 6, olive, pale blue or buff, spotted with brown and gray. Incubation about 16-18 days, by female. Leave the nest in 17-21 days after hatching.
Food - Insects, fruit, nuts, and seeds.

Green JayGreen Jay

Size - 10 to 12 inches long
Habitat - Dense thickets and woodlands alongside rivers.
Nesting - The nest is a mass of sticks in a small tree or thicket, 5-15 feet above the ground.
Eggs - 3 to 5, white, green or buff, with brown spots. Incubation 15-17 days, by female. Young leave the nest 24-26 days after hatching.
Food - Insects, seeds, and fruit.

Steller's JaySteller's Jay

Size - 12 to 13 1/2 inches long
Habitat - Coniferous forests.
Nesting - The eggs are laid in a cup of sticks and twigs lined with mud, 8 to 16 feet above the ground in the crotch or on a branch of a conifer.
Eggs - 3 to 5, pale blue or greenish blue, lightly spotted with brown. Incubation about 16 days, by female.
Food - Nuts, seeds, fruits, and insects.

Black-billed CuckooBlack-billed Cuckoo

Size - 11 to 12 1/2 inches long.
Habitat - Woodlands, margins of forests, orchards, and thickets. Nesting - A flimsy saucer of twigs and grasses, 2 to 10' above the ground in a tree or dense thicket.
Eggs - 2 to 5, blue-green. Incubation about 14 days, by both sexes. Young leave the nest about two weeks after hatching.
Food - Mainly caterpillars; also other insects and some berries.

Great Crested FlycatcherGreat Crested Flycatcher

Size - 8 to 9 inches long
Habitat - Deciduous woodlands.
Nesting - The nest is a mass of twigs and grass, and usually a snake skin, in a tree cavity 5 to 70' high.
Eggs - 3 to 8, buff, blotched with brown and purple. Incubation 13 to 15 days. Young leave the nest 15 days after hatching.
Food - Flying insects and berries.

Pine SiskinPine Siskin

Size - 4 1/2 - 5 1/2 inches long.
Habitat - Coniferous woodlands, thickets of birch and alder trees.
Nesting - The nest is a large cup of grass, rootlets, and twigs, 3 to 50 feet above the ground in a conifer.
Eggs - 3 to 5, pale blue-green, spotted with black and lilac. Incubation 13 days, by female. Young leave the nest 15 days after hatching.
Food - Seeds and insects.

Tufted TitmouseTitmouse

Size - 6 to 6 1/2 inches long.
Habitat - Deciduous or coniferous forests; gardens and parks.
Nesting - The nest is a cup of moss, bark strips, and hair, placed in bottom of a tree cavity, birdhouse, or other hole.
Eggs - 5 to 8, white, speckled with brown. Incubation about 14 days, by female. Young leave the nest 18 days after hatching.
Food - Insects, fruit, and seeds.

Tufted Titmouse (Black Crested - Texas)Black Crested Titmouse

Size - 6 to 6 1/2 inches long.
Habitat - Deciduous or coniferous forests; gardens and parks.
Nesting - The nest is a cup of moss, bark strips, and hair, placed in bottom of a tree cavity, birdhouse, or other hole.
Eggs - 5 to 8, white, speckled with brown. Incubation about 14 days, by female. Young leave the nest 18 days after hatching.
Food - Insects, fruit, and seeds.

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