North American Bird Photos and Facts

Smaller Open Country Birds - Page 2

Eastern Kingbird

E KingbirdSize - 8 - 9 inches long.
Habitat - Roadsides, woodland edges, orchards, and open country with scattered trees.
Nesting - The nest is a large cup of twigs, stems, and grass, up to 60 feet above the ground in a tree or stump in water.
Eggs - 3 to 5, white or pinkish, heavily spotted with brown. Incubation 13 days, by both sexes. Young leave the nest 14 days after hatching.
Food - Insects captured in flight; also a few berries and seeds.

Western Kingbird

Western KingbirdSize - 8 - 9 inches long.
Habitat - Open country with thicket and groves.
Nesting - The nest is a large cup of twigs, stems, fibers, animal hair, snake skins, string, and grass, 8 to 40 feet above the ground in a tree, on a utility pole or on a fencepost.
Eggs - 3 to 7, white, buff, or pinkish, blotched with brown. Incubation 12-14 days. Young leave the nest 14 days after hatching.
Food - Insects captured in flight; also a few berries.

Tree Swallow

Tree SwallowSize - 5 to 6 inches long
Habitat - Lakes, marshes, and woods near water.
Nesting - The eggs are laid in a cup of grass and feather in a woodpecker hole, another tree cavity, or birdhouse.
Eggs - 4 to 7, white. Incubation 13 to 16 days. Young leave the nest after 16 to 24 days.
Food - Flying insects and airborne spiders; also bayberries in winter.

Eastern Bluebird

BluebirdSize - 5 to 7 inches long.
Habitat - Farmlands, orchards, and open woodlands.
Nesting - The nest is a cup of grass in a woodpecker hole or birdhouse.
Eggs - 3 to 7, pale blue or white. Incubation 13 to 16 days, by female only. Young leave the nest 15 to 20 days after hatching.
Food - Insects, spiders, and berries.

American Robin

RobinSize - 9-11 inches long.
Habitat - Lawns, gardens, parks, farmlands, forest borders, and open woods.
Nesting - The nest is a sturdy cup of mud, grass, and twigs, about 3 to 25 feet above the ground in a tree, dense shrubs, or on a building.
Eggs - 3 to 6, bright blue. Incubation 12 to 14 days, by female. Young leave the nest 14-16 days after hatching.
Food - Earthworms, berries, and insects.

Cliff Swallow

Cliff SwallowSize - 5 to 6 inches long
Habitat - Open country near barn; also near water.
Nesting - Gourd-shaped structure lined with grass and feathers, in a colony under building eaves or on a cliff.
Eggs - 3 to 6, white or pinkish, dotted with brown. Incubation 12 to 14 days by both parents. Young leave the nest 23 days after hatching.
Food - Flying insects and airborne spiders; also juniper berries and other fruit.

Curved-billed Thrasher

Curve-billed ThrasherSize - 10-12 inches long
Habitat - Deserts with brush or cactus, thickets, farmlands, and gardens.
Nesting - The nest is loosely made cup of thorny twigs, in a small tree or cactus, 3-12 feet above the ground.
Eggs - 2 to 4, bluish green, speckled with brown. Incubation 13 days, by both parents. Young leave the nest 14 to 18 days after hatching.
Food - Seeds, insects, and berries.

European Starling

StarlingSize - 7 to 8 1/2 inches long.
Habitat - Farms, cities, towns, and gardens.
Nesting - The nest is a loose cup of twigs and grass in a woodpecker hole, natural cavity or birdhouse.
Eggs - 2 to 9, pale blue, or greenish. Incubation 12 days, by both sexes. Young leave the nest 21 days after hatching.
Food - Insects, spiders, worms, fruits, and seeds.

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