North American Bird Photos and Facts

Smaller Woodland Birds - Page 1

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Ruby-throated Hummingbird (male)Size - 3 - 3 3/4 inches long
Habitat - Deciduous woodlands, orchards, and suburban areas.
Nesting - The nest is a cup of plant down and spider web, covered with flakes of lichen, on a branch 5-20 feet above the ground.
Eggs - 2, white. Incubation about 20 days, by the female.
Food - Nectar and pollen from flowers; also small insects taken from flowers and spider webs.

Broad-tailed Hummingbird

Broad-tailed HummingbirdSize - 4 to 4 1/2 inches long
Habitat - Mountain forests and meadows.
Nesting - The nest is small cup of plant down, bound with spiderweb, fastened to horizontal branch 1-15 feet high.
Eggs - 2, white. Incubation about 16 days, by female. Young leave the nest 23 days after hatching.
Food - Nectar and insects from flowers, also catches insects while in flight or on foliage.

Rose-breasted Grosbeak M

Rose-breasted Grosbeak (male)Size - 7 - 8 1/2 inches long
Habitat - Bushy woods, open, and aspen groves.
Nesting - The nest is a flimsy saucer of stems, twigs, and grass, 5 to 50 feet above the ground in a shrub or tree.
Eggs - 3 to 5, pale blue or green, with spots and blotches of brown. Incubation about 13 days, by both parents. Young leave the nest in 9-12 days after hatching.
Food - Seeds, fruits, and insects.

Rose-breasted Grosbeak Fe

Rose-breasted Grosbeak (female)Size - 7 - 8 1/2 inches long
Habitat - Bushy woods, open, and aspen groves.
Nesting - The nest is a flimsy saucer of stems, twigs, and grass, 5 to 50 feet above the ground in a shrub or tree.
Eggs - 3 to 5, pale blue or green, with spots and blotches of brown. Incubation about 13 days, by both parents. Young leave the nest in 9-12 days after hatching.
Food - Seeds, fruits, and insects.

Brown Creeper

Brown CreeperSize - 5 to 5 3/4 inches long
Habitat - Forests, woodlands, and parks.
Nesting - The nest is a cup of moss, bark strips and twigs placed behind a loose strip of bark on the tree trunk or sometimes in a tree cavity, 5 to 15' above the ground.
Eggs - 4 to 8, white, lightly spotted with brown. Incubation about 15 days. Young leave the nest 14 days after hatching.
Food - Spiders and insects gleaned from bark.

Ruby-crowned Kinglet

Ruby-crowned KingletSize - 3 1/2 to 4 1/2 inches long
Habitat - Coniferous forests; thickets during winter.
Nesting - The nest is a round mass of moss and lichens, with the entrance at the top, hanging from twigs a to 100' above the ground in a conifer.
Eggs - 5 to 11, white or cream colored, spotted with brown and gray. Incubation about 2 weeks by female only.
Food - Spiders and insects, some berries.

Red-headed Woodpecker

Red-headed WoodpeckerSize - 8 1/2 to 9 1/2 inches long.
Habitat - Groves, open woodlands, farmlands, and shade trees.
Nesting - The nest is a cavity excavated 5-80 feet above the ground in a dead tree limb.
Eggs - 4 to 7, white. Incubation about 2 weeks, by both parents. Young leave the nest 27 days after hatching. Often 2 broods a year.
Food - Boring insects and nuts.

Red-headed Woodpecker - juvenile

Red-headed Woodpecker - juvenileSize - 8 1/2 to 9 1/2 inches long.
Habitat - Groves, open woodlands, farmlands, and shade trees.
Nesting - The nest is a cavity excavated 5-80 feet above the ground in a dead tree limb.
Eggs - 4 to 7, white. Incubation about 2 weeks, by both parents. Young leave the nest 27 days after hatching. Often 2 broods a year.
Food - Boring insects and nuts.

Northern Flicker M

Northern Flicker MaleSize - 10 to 14 inches long
Habitat - Woodlands, deserts, and suburbs.
Nesting - They nest is a cavity in a tree or cactus.
Eggs - 3 to 14, white. Incubation about 12 days, by both parents. Young leave the nest 25 to 28 days after hatching.
Food - Ants and other insects; fruits.

Northern Flicker Fe

Northern Flicker FeSize - 10 to 14 inches long
Habitat - Woodlands, deserts, and suburbs.
Nesting - They nest is a cavity in a tree or cactus.
Eggs - 3 to 14, white. Incubation about 12 days, by both parents. Young leave the nest 25 to 28 days after hatching.
Food - Ants and other insects; fruits.

Downy Woodpecker (female)

Downy WoodpeckerSize - 6-7 inches long
Habitat - Open woodlands, orchards, and parks.
Nesting - The nest is in a cavity excavated 5-50 feet above the ground in a dead trunk or branch, or in a bird house.
Eggs - 3 to 7, white. Incubation about 12 days, by both parents.
Food - Seeds, berries, and wood-boring insects.

Downy Woodpecker (male)

Downy WoodpeckerSize - 6-7 inches long
Habitat - Open woodlands, orchards, and parks.
Nesting - The nest is in a cavity excavated 5-50 feet above the ground in a dead trunk or branch, or in a bird house.
Eggs - 3 to 7, white. Incubation about 12 days, by both parents.
Food - Seeds, berries, and wood-boring insects.

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